Hot, Holy & Humorous

Dependence or Independence in Marriage?

It’s Independence Day in the United States—the day we celebrate the signing of the Declaration of Independence on July 4, 1776. America was intent on gaining its freedom, but it didn’t earn it until 1782.

I started thinking about independence in marriage. Early in our marriage, my husband and I would debate about how dependent or how independent we should be.


Some contend that we are one flesh, joined completely in all ways, and thus entirely dependent upon one another. Dependence advocates focus on how we complement one another, how we are like two halves of the same unit. As famously said in Jerry Maguire, “you complete me.”

Yet we all sense this can be taken too far. Like the couple who can’t seem to make the simplest move without the okay of the other. The couple who can’t spend a minute apart, as if doing so might rock the very foundations of their relationship. It can resemble that high school relationship between those two inseparable teens who had summarily dumped all of their friends in exchange for spending every waking moment with each other.

Given that our independence was earned by soldiers, I’m reminded of the number of military families today who must spend day after day apart. Are their marriages a sham? Of course not. Plenty of couples must be able to live independently yet still enjoy solid and long-lasting relationships.

So maybe “one flesh” doesn’t mean entirely dependent.


In our culture, this is more often the enticing track. One of the most quoted Shakespeare lines is “To thine own self be true.” Never mind that it was spoken by Polonius, who is given to deception and characterized as a fool in the play Hamlet. We live in the era of such maxims as “It’s My Life,” “Follow Your Heart,” and “Choose Your Own Path.”

Independence advocates would say that we need to be able to care for ourselves, to be completely fulfilled individuals without relying on marriage. Then, we can give our love to someone else and invite them into our lives.

Certainly, we don’t get married to have someone to cancel our guys’ or girls’ night out, to tell us what to do, and to insist that we report in all the time. We aren’t children who need a parent.

And there’s also some truth here. Many people meet their mate soon after they’ve given up on relationships and decided to be content on their own. (I did.) Being able to care for yourself makes you a more confident and appealing person. And you never know when you might need to take over certain duties due to your spouse’s absence, an injury, etc.

Moreover, marriage is not intended to replace all of your other relationships. There’s nothing wrong with having some time on your own or with friends outside of your marriage. Just because you’re married doesn’t mean that you’re constantly a package deal. Yes, you leave and cleave. But you don’t smother.

And yet, you don’t get married to spend time apart, to insist that your spouse leave you alone and let you do what you want, even if it injures the marriage. You did promise to love, cherish, and keep to this person, above all others. Marriage involves joining lives, not just sharing beds and bank accounts.


And here we have the happy compromise. Although I don’t really like the word “compromise,” because that makes it sound like you’re giving something up. You’re not. You can be both independent (a whole person) and dependent (one flesh with your mate) by mixing the two approaches.

The question for a couple to decide is what this interdependence looks like. Do you spend 70% of your time together, or maybe 30%? Do you check in with each other throughout the day, or wait to talk in the evenings? Do you take all vacations together, or does one spouse visit family alone? Do you make all purchasing decisions together, or buy some things separate?

And that can look different from marriage to marriage.

But what I do know is that those who insist on total dependence or total independence aren’t likely to have a great marriage. Those in the first camp (dependence) have placed too much authority and responsibility on their spouse to make their life worthwhile. It’s not fair to expect your spouse to be everything for you. Those in the second camp (independence) are too focused on their own rights and desires to give themselves fully to making the relationship work. It’s not fair to promise to merge your lives but hold back a big part of yourself.

So today, I’m thinking there should be a Marriage Interdependence Day. Celebrating the whole-person, one-flesh experience.

Now it’s even better, of course, when you’re both dependent on God.

My salvation and my honor depend on God; he is my mighty rock, my refuge.

Psalm 62:7

This post was first published on July 4, 2013.

2 thoughts on “Dependence or Independence in Marriage?”

  1. J,
    Thanks for throwing a bone to us Shakespeare buffs out there with the Polonius reference 👍 I must confess that his speech to Laertes contains great advice but he is rather pompous.

  2. I always hated this discussion when deployed. It was always the military wives groups that pushed the idea of independence. They were idiots who were often headed towards divorce. If my wife and I were independent we wouldn’t be married. Just like I don’t need to be married to someone just like me, with all the same “equal” characteristics as me, but want someone who compliments me, oh, perhaps in a complimentary or patriarchal way ( and my wife is very much in agreement). Even separated by miles we were still not independent, but we were not dependent on each other either. We were interdependent. We relied on each other without life stopping because we couldn’t be together. I am grateful those days are over now that I am retired from the military and only have my civilian job to worry about.

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